Now in Uzbekistan, the population of the Tajiks is about 1.5 million people having common ethnic base with the Uzbeks. Material culture, customs, folk art—all is congeneric and sometimes indistinguishable. The most ancient, ancient, and in many ways, the medieval history of the two peoples is very close.

In Uzbekistan, the Republican Tajik national cultural center was founded in 2008. Today its structure includes six regional offices: in Kashkadarya, Surkhandarya, Namangan, Fergana, Bukhara—the Tajik-Persian “Oftobi Sogdiyon”, and in Samarkand, and two city: the first created in 1990 “Oriyono” in Tashkent and “Sogdiana” in Chirchik.

Among the reference projects of the center are 2700th anniversary of Avesta, the jubilee events dedicated to the scientist and poet of the East—Firdausi, the 1150th anniversary of the founder of Persian-Tajik literature Rudaki, Avicenna, Jalaletdin Rumi Balkhi, Mir Ali Hamadoni, the writer and poet Sadriddin Ayni. Along with this there were interesting creative meetings with modern authors: Johtamish Tuhtaev, Abdullah Subhon, Djafar Muhammad, Fayz Mahmud, Yunusi Imomnazar, Muhammadjon Shodiev, Asadullo Shukurov, whose works have been translated into Uzbek and other languages.

The special pride of center community is the academician of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, honored worker of science Shavkat Vohidov, the founder of the International aerospace school for young cosmonauts, which now bears his name. The highest title of the Hero of Uzbekistan is given to the restorer of Samarkand special scientific-restoration production workshop Mirumar Asadov.
Annually there are performed the Day of Tajik language, the competitions on knowledge of national history and culture, competitions of poets and writers—mushoira, exhibitions of pictures of famous Tajik artists: Muborak Yuldashev, Zayniddin Mirzoyev and others. The glorious traditions of the ancient chess play are successfully continued by young activist of the center—international grandmaster Vakhidov Jahongir from Samarkand.
Measures of the center, including the holidays of Uzbekistan, the people’s ones—Navruz, harvest festival Mehrgon are covered by newspapers in the Tajik language Ovozi Tojik”, “Ovozi Samarkand”, “Khovar”, in the program “Ranginkamon” on national television and in other media.

In the publishing house “Uzbekistan” the textbooks are published for Tajik schools in places of compact residence of the ethnic group in Bukhara, Djizak, Kashkadarya, Navoi, Namangan, Samarkand, Syrdarya, Surkhandarya, Fergana and Tashkent regions.

Qualified specialists for them are prepared by the Department of the Tajik language at the faculty of Philology of Samarkand State University, the College in Sokh district of Fergana region and other educational institutions.